PRODUCTION OF TABLE EGGS
The rearing of pullets i.e chicks meant for egg production from day old is basically the same with broilers production The only difference is that pullets takes up to17- 20wks to mature vaccination against fowl pox and new castle disease should be repeated at 16wks of age. The pullets should be put inside cage between the age of 16 7& 20wks.
The cage system of egg production is preferred to the deep litters system in cage system the incidence of disease such as coccidiosis is drastically reduce The feeding programme of pullet is as follows:
Day1- 6wks feed on chicks mash
6wks – 17wks feed on grower mash
17wks on feeds on layer mash
The pullet come in to lay from 18wks to 20wks the cost of producing a bird, broiler or pullet from day old is estimated to the 1,000 per bird. Excluding the cost of housing.
The cost of housing varies depending on the sophistication and the life span of the material used for the house the various types of houses of different sophistication can be showed in the pictures attached
At regular interval for about three months layer should be deworm and delice. i.e use worm expeller and lice expellers regularly.
The cost of one crate of egg is N 700 at Mushin market. A layer is supposed to lay minimum of 240 eggs in a year. This in equivalent to 8 crates in a year This mean N 2,500. Each bird will give a net profit of N 3,000 per year
Limitations:- poultry is a lucrative business but should not be done in proxy. The poultry farmers should be in attendance all the time if possible.
The farmer should be observant to check the performance and activities of the birds the farmers should look for the possible cause and find solution to its immediately.
He should always observe the faces of the birds. Any strange colouration like greenish colour or blood stain in the faces denotes, the onset of disease and the attention of a veterinary officer should be sought immediately.
Poultry house does not welcome visitors. The farmers should limit the visitors to the admin ports of the farm. They should not be close to the operation and per areas.